Two suspected Nipah cases in Hyderabad, people asked to avoid Kerala

Two suspected Nipah cases in Hyderabad, people asked to avoid Kerala

A multi-disciplinary central team led by the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), reviewing the cases of patients died of the Nipah Virus Disease in Kerala, is of the view that the Nipah virus disease is not a major outbreak and is only a local occurrence.

The initials symptoms are that of fever, headache and muscle pain in most cases.

Richard Hatchett, MD, chief executive officer of CEPI, said, the group's first funding agreement to develop a vaccine against Nipah virus marks a vital step forward in the global battle against the disease.

Relatives and hospital officals wear safety masks as they perform the last rites of V Moosa (61), a "Nipah" virus victim, at Kannam Parambu graveyard, in Kozhikode, on Thursday. Besides, the virus remains an enzootic disease and only a very small proportion of bats secretes the virus.

A Union health ministry advisory has said that the virus, which commonly affects animals such as bats, pigs, dogs, and horses, can spread to humans, causing serious illness.

Also, humans become infected with Nipah as a result of consuming food products contaminated by secretions of infected fruit bats. Patients will experience mild to severe acute respiratory infection. And a person affected by the virus can slip into comma within 24-48 hours.

The WHO reports that the symptoms usually take between five to 14 days to manifest.

This was further confirmed by Ajoy Chakraborty, Directorate of Health and Services, who said, "No case of Nipah virus has been detected in Bengal".

The report has ruled out bats and pigs as the primary source of the Nipah outbreak, a Health Ministry official said.

According to CEPI statement today, through a separate agreement Emergent has an exclusive option to license and control development of Profectus' Nipah virus vaccine.

"Mohap alerts the people travelling to Kerala to be aware of possibility of contracting the infection and advises them to postpone unnecessary travel till the situation will be controlled", it added. "The disease is treated with supportive and symptomatic care which is the mainstay of the treatment", maintains the advisory. Health officials said the only way to reduce infection in people is by raising awareness of the risk factors and educating people about the measures they can take to reduce exposure to and decrease infection from NiV. "People have been advised to keep a distance from bats and pigs".

As in the case of the first outbreak in 1998, bats may pass the virus to other animals and livestock, which can then pass it on to humans.

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