Archaeologists find fossils in giant underwater cave

Archaeologists find fossils in giant underwater cave

"It is very unlikely that there is another site in the world with these characteristics". The Mayan artifacts suggest that a drought likely caused the water levels to plummet around 1,000 AD, which sent communities deeper insider the caves to look for water.

Pollution is threatening the recently mapped Sac Actun cave system in the Yucatan Peninsula, a vast underground network that experts in Mexico say could be the most important underwater archaeological site in the world. If so, then a giant underwater system stretches thousands of miles under water.

Apart from human remains, they also found bones of giant sloths, ancient elephants and extinct bears from the Pleistocene period, Mexico's Culture Ministry said in a statement.

Caves Sak Aktun (White cave) and DOS Ojos (Two eyes) on the Yucatan Peninsula has always been considered not related to each other.

Diving with scuba gear, they have been exploring the ancient relics left in the caves over the millennia, in a project sponsored by Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH).

Divers found what's been described as the "most important underwater achaeological site on Earth" in a discovery which could shed light on the ancient Maya civilisation.

Guillermo de Anda, a researcher at INAH stated, "I think it's overwhelming. There is an impressive amount of archaeological artifacts inside, and the level of preservation is also impressive", said De Anda, a researcher at INAH.

The research team also found wall etchings, ceramics, and a shrine of the Mayan god of war and commerce.

Archaeologists in Mexico have been showing off discoveries unearthed during their aquatic expeditions into the world's largest underwater cave. This isn't all. There is an 18-kilometer long cenote in the vicinity for which, the scientists are searching for any link and if it turns out to be linked, the total length of this cave system will rise to 500 kilometers and numerable sites to excavate and understand the Mayan civilization. Around 750 AD they established cities there and for hundreds of years, they dominated America.

"It allows us to appreciate much more clearly how the rituals, the pilgrimage sites and ultimately the great pre-Hispanic settlements that we know emerged", he said.

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