Iran rules out any change to nuclear accord

Iran rules out any change to nuclear accord

"Fourth, the legislation must explicitly state in United States law-for the first time-that long-range missile and nuclear weapons programs are inseparable, and that Iran's development and testing of missiles should be subject to severe sanctions".

The Treasury said Larijani was "responsible for ordering, controlling, or otherwise directing, the commission of serious human rights abuses against persons in Iran or Iranian citizens or residents".

Other Iranian officials repeated warnings that the country could return to uranium enrichment at a far greater level than before the deal was concluded. The three European nations that are party to the deal, France, Germany and Britain, have said that they do not want to reopen the deal unless all parties are agreed. JCPOA (the nuclear deal) is not renegotiable: "rather than repeating exhausted rhetoric, United States must bring itself into full compliance - just like Iran", Zarif also wrote on his Twitter account.

What are the new sanctions?

In October, Trump accused Iran of "not living up to the spirit" of the agreement even though the International Atomic Energy Agency says Tehran is complying.

It froze any assets he and the other individuals and entities on the list hold in the USA, and "generally prohibited" Americans from engaging in transactions with them.

The US has taken a tough line on the recent demonstrations in Iran, condemning the Iranian regime and voicing support for the protestors.

United States officials and others familiar with the administration's deliberations told AP Trump was likely to back the accord for now but that he may pair his decision with new, targeted sanctions on Iranian businesses and people.

How else did Iran react?

Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said on Twitter yesterday, Mr Trump's decision undermined the multilateral agreement.

Students and police face off at the University of Tehran during a demonstration in Iran’s capital Tehran on Dec. 30 2017
Students and police face off at the University of Tehran during a demonstration in Iran’s capital Tehran on Dec. 30 2017

In addition, he wants the deal to state that Iran's nuclear effort and its missile programs are inseparable.

In return, decades of worldwide and U.S. nuclear-related sanctions were suspended.

A senior administration official said Trump wants the 2015 Iran deal strengthened with a follow-on agreement in 120 days or the United States will unilaterally withdraw from the global pact.

"I hereby call on key European countries to join with the United States in fixing significant flaws in the deal, countering Iranian aggression, and supporting the Iranian people", he said.

Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Corker has been working on amending a USA law to include "trigger points" that if crossed by Iran would automatically bring back U.S. sanctions.

Trump also gave Europeans only 120 days to agree to an overhaul of the nuclear agreement - officially called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action - or he would pull Washington out of it.

He was prepared to back a modification to the existing deal if it were made permanent, one official said.

Iran says the missiles it has tested are not created to carry nuclear warheads and insists its nuclear programme is entirely peaceful.

Though the protests - the largest in the country since its disputed election in 2009 - eventually swelled to include a range of social issues, they "very much focused on the economic situation", Narges Bajoghli, a postdoctoral fellow in global and public affairs at the Brown University Watson Institute, said in a phone interview January 3.


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